FIKO  Electron-beam metallurgical plant

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FIKO is a private industrial company, owner of titanium mill in Kiev, Ukraine, for melting titanium ingots with their further working into rolled titanium titanium bars, titanium tubes, titanium sheets, titanium plates, titanium wire.

 
TITANIUM NITRIDE

 

TITANIUM NITRIDE

 

 

 

 

     

 

 TITANIUM NITRIDE

 We take orders for titanium nitride coating:

1)      stainless steel sheets 0.4-0.7 x 1000 x 2000 mm and more;

2)      stainless steel tubes;

3)      stainless steel spheres(balls);

4)      stainless steel bars/rods;

5)      we can deposit titanium nitride on other material;

6)      titanium nitride sputtering of different instruments and tools;

7)      well coat your products with titanium nitride;

8)      we perform roofing, installation works of roofs, domes;

9)      we are looking for building stores to supply titanium nitride coated stainless steel rolled metal for retail trade;

10)  we are looking for building companies to supply stainless steel rolled metal coated with titanium nitride;

11)  we are looking for designer companies applying titanium nitride coated stainless steel metal;

12)  we can be subcontractor if your company won a tender for supply titanium nitride coated roofing material.

 

We have titanium nitride coated stainless steel sheets ready for sale in stock.

 

 

Rolled titanium applied in titanium nitride vacuum evaporation technology

 

Titanium tubes of grades VT 1-0 and VT 1-00: ø 60 x12.5, ø 60x14 mm, ø 61x11 mm.

Titanium bars VT 1-0: ø 60 mm.

Titanium sheets and plates: thickness is 1-10 mm.

 

 

ROLLED TITANIUM APPLIED IN TITANIUM NITRIDE VACUUM EVAPOURATION TECHNOLOGY AVAILABLE IN STOCK IN FIKO

 

1. Titanium bars. We have titanium bars ø 10-165 mm for titanium nitride coating.

 

2.   Titanium sheets. We have titanium sheets 0.8-10.5 mm for titanium nitride coating.

 

3.   Titanium tubes. Thick-walled tubes are usually used for titanium nitride coating. We have following titanium tubes:

3.1. Titanium tubes ø 60x12.5 mm 2870.9 kg for titanium nitride coating.

 

3.2. Titanium tubes ø 60x14mm 2967 kg for titanium nitride coating.

 

3.3. Titanium tubes ø 61x11mm 761.8 kg for titanium nitride coating.

 

4. For titanium nitride coating titanium bars ø 60-80 mm are usually used. We have following bars applied for titanium nitride coating:

4.1. Titanium bar ø 60 mm 1975 kg for titanium nitride coating.

 

4.2. Titanium bar ø 62 mm 10 kg for titanium nitride coating.

 

4.3. Titanium bar ø 65 mm 1028 kg for titanium nitride coating.

4.4. Titanium bar ø 70 mm 295.4 kg for titanium nitride coating.

4.5. Titanium bar ø 72 mm 36 kg for titanium nitride coating.

4.6. Titanium bar ø 75 mm 219 kg for titanium nitride coating.

4.7. Titanium bar ø 80 mm 1047.5 kg for titanium nitride coating.

 

Rolled titanium applied in titanium nitride vacuum evaporation technology and other fields which FIKO can accept as orders for manufacture

 

 

FIKO CAN TAKE ORDERS FOR MANUFACTURE OF ROLLED TITANIUM APPLIED IN TITANIUM NITRIDE VACUUM EVAPOURATION TECHNOLOGY

 

1.     Titanium bars. We can take orders for manufacture of titanium bars ø 10-5500 mm for titanium nitride coating.

2.     Titanium sheets. We can take orders for manufacture of titanium sheets 0.8-10.5 mm for titanium nitride coating.

3.     Titanium tubes. Thick-walled tubes are usually used for titanium nitride coating. We can take orders for manufacture of titanium tubes for titanium nitride coating.

3.1. Titanium tubes ø 60x12.5 mm for titanium nitride coating.

3.2. Titanium tubes ø 60x14mm for titanium nitride coating.

3.3. Titanium tubes ø 61x11mm for titanium nitride coating.

3.4. Titanium tubes of other dimensions for titanium nitride coating.

     4. We can take orders for manufacture of titanium bars for titanium nitride coating.

4.1. Titanium bar ø 60 mm for titanium nitride coating.

4.2. Titanium bar ø 62 mm for titanium nitride coating.

4.3. Titanium bar ø 65 mm for titanium nitride coating.

4.4. Titanium bar ø 70 mm for titanium nitride coating.

4.5. Titanium bar ø 72 mm for titanium nitride coating.

4.6. Titanium bar ø 75 mm for titanium nitride coating.

4.7. Titanium bar ø 80 mm for titanium nitride coating.

4.8. Titanium bar of other dimensions for titanium nitride coating.

 

 

TITANIUM NITRIDE COATING

 

Technology of vacuum evaporation is used when depositing decorative composite coating on materials of internal and external design of architectural buildings, roofs of temples and domes, consumer goods and bijouterie.

Coating with persistent ecologically clean materials (titanium nitrides, carbides, oxides, titanium carbooxinitrides, gold and other precious metals and alloys, diamond-like carbon) is made on sheet or shaped articles from stainless steel, glass and other materials by vacuum ionic technologies, reactive magnetron sputtering and arc spraying in modern spraying systems.

Materials with such composite coating are suggested to be used when decorating facades, dome and temple roofs coating and buildings internal and external design decorating, gold-plate changing on different articles of church and society purposes.

Titanium nitride is applied for domes of religious buildings because it is able to change tinsel at considerable depreciation of works and materials.

 

GALVAN CHEMISTRY TECHNOLOGY OF GILDING

 

Such technology allows depositing galvanic coating on articles of large dimensions including stainless steel articles.

Such technology is applied for decorating and restoration of art and antiquarian articles, auto accessories, mobile telephones frames, household equipment, articles of church plate, church domes and crosses.

Gilded sanitary engineering from stainless steel has a splendid appearance (sink, towel drier, pool hand-rails and barriers of stairs, balusters, locks, frames and many others).

 

INFORMATION

 

Titanium nitride is a compound of titanium and nitrogen TiNx (x=0.58-1.00), it represents interstitial alloy with a large area of homogeneity, crystals with a cubic lattice.

Its got by nitration of titanium at temperature 12000C or other ways.

Application: high-temperature material for different purposes, antiwear coating; color is yellow like a gold.

 

 

TECHNICAL PARAMETERS

 

Material of substrate is stainless steel.

Standard size of sheet is 667x1000 mm (maximum is 500x2000 mm);

Thickness of substrate is 0.22 mm.

Titanium nitride coating, thickness is 2-6 micron; coating has gold color of different shades.

Light-diffusion is from mirror to lusterless.

Mechanical properties: multiple bending and cold punching are allowed.

Atmosphere resistance is 50 years.

 

 

TITANIUM NITRIDE

TITANIUM NITRIDE

 GALVAN CHEMISTRY TECHNOLOGY OF GILDING

 GALVAN CHEMISTRY TECHNOLOGY OF GILDING

TITANIUM NITRIDE

TITANIUM NITRIDE

 


 
 

Titanium nitride (TiN) (sometimes known as Tinite or TiNite) is an extremely hard ceramic material, often used as a coating on titanium alloy, steel, carbide, and aluminium components to improve the substrate's surface properties.

Applied as a thin coating, TiN is used to harden and protect cutting and sliding surfaces, for decorative purposes, and as a non-toxic exterior for medical implants.

Characteristics

The hardness of TiN coatings is difficult to measure as the coatings are exceptionally hard and the thinness of the coating causes conventional hardness tests to penetrate into the substrate. Nanoindentation hardness tests are required for accurate readings. The hardness of TiN is estimated as ~85 on the Rockwell C Hardness (~2500 Vickers Hardness or 24.5 gigapascal). The Rockwell C scale is regarded as crude for readings this high.[1] Special techniques have been developed to measure TiN hardness.

TiN has excellent infrared (IR) reflectivity properties, reflecting in a spectrum similar to elemental gold (Au). Depending on the substrate material and surface finish, TiN will have a coefficient of friction ranging from 0.4 to 0.9 versus itself (non-lubricated). Typical formation has a crystal structure of NaCl-type with a roughly 1:1 stoichiometry; however TiNx compounds with x ranging from 0.6 to 1.2 are thermodynamically stable[3]. TiN will oxidize at 600 C (~1100 F) at normal atmosphere, and has a melting point of 2930 C

Uses

The most common use for TiN coating is for edge retention and corrosion resistance on machine tooling, such as drill bits and milling cutters, often improving their lifetime by a factor of three or more.

Because of TiN's metallic gold color, it is used to coat costume jewelry and automotive trim for decorative purposes. TiN is also widely used as a top-layer coating, usually with nickel (Ni) or chromium (Cr) plated substrates, on consumer plumbing fixtures and door hardware. TiN is non-toxic, meets FDA guidelines and has seen use in medical devices such as scalpel blades and orthopedic bone saw blades where sharpness and edge retention are important [4] and bio-implants, as well as aerospace and military applications.

Such coatings have also been used in implanted prostheses (especially hip replacement implants). Such films are usually applied by either reactive growth (for example, annealing a piece of titanium in nitrogen) or physical vapor deposition (PVD), with a depth of about 3 micrometers. Its high Young's modulus (600 gigapascals)[5] relative to titanium alloys (100 GPa) means that thick coatings tend to flake away, making them much less durable than thin ones.

As a coating it is also used to protect the sliding surfaces of suspension forks of bicycles and motorcycles as well as the shock shafts of radio controlled cars.

Though less visible, thin films of TiN are also used in the semiconductor industry. In copper-based chips, such films find use as a conductive barrier between a silicon device and the metal contacts used to operate it. While the film blocks diffusion of metal into the silicon, it is conductive enough (3070 μΩcm) to allow a good electrical connection. In this context, TiN is classified as a "barrier metal", even though it is clearly a ceramic from the perspective of chemistry or mechanical behavior. Recent chip design in the 45 nm technology and beyond also makes use of TiN as a metal material for improved transistor performance. In combination with gate dielectrics (e.g. HfSiO) that have a higher permittivity compared to standard SiO2 the gate length can be scaled down with low leakage, higher drive current and same or better threshold voltage

Led by Argonne senior scientist Valerii Vinokur and Russian scientist Tatyana Baturina, an international team of scientists from Argonne, Germany, Russia and Belgium fashioned a thin film of titanium nitride which they then chilled to near absolute zero. This converts the material to a superinsulator, with resistance suddenly increased by a factor of 100,000. Newly discovered 'Superinsulators' promise to transform materials research.

Fabrication

The most common methods of TiN thin film creation are physical vapor deposition (PVD, usually sputter deposition, cathodic arc deposition or electron beam heating) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD). In both methods, pure titanium is sublimated and reacted with nitrogen in a high-energy, vacuum environment. PVD is preferred for steel parts because the deposition temperatures lie beyond the austenitizing temperature of steel. PVD applied TiN is also for a variety of relatively higher melting point materials such as stainless steels, titanium and titanium alloys.

Bulk ceramic objects can be fabricated by packing powdered metallic titanium into the desired shape, compressing it to the proper density, then igniting it in an atmosphere of pure nitrogen. The heat released by the chemical reaction between the metal and gas is sufficient to sinter the nitride reaction product into a hard, finished item. See powder metallurgy.

Other commercial variants

There are several commercially-used variants of TiN that have been developed in the past decade, such titanium carbon nitride (TiCN) and titanium aluminium nitride (TiAlN), which may be used individually or in alternating layers with TiN. These coatings offer similar or superior enhancements in corrosion resistance and hardness, and additional colors ranging from light gray to nearly black, to a dark iridescent bluish-purple depending on the exact process of application. These coatings are becoming common on sporting goods, particularly knives and handguns, where they are used for both cosmetic and functional reasons.

As a constituent in steel making

Titanium nitride is also an intentional product in many steels, not on their surface. TiN forms at very high temperatures because of its very low enthalpy of formation, and even nucleates directly from the melt in secondary steelmaking. It forms discrete, micrometre-sized cubic particles at grain boundaries and triple points, and because of its low solubility in austenite, the face centred cubic phase of steel that most exist in at the high temperatures forming operations usually take place at, prevents grain growth by Ostwald Ripening up to very high homologous temperatures. Titanium nitride has the lowest solubility product of any metal nitride or carbide in austenite, and as a result is often intentionally produced by judicious additions of titanium to the alloy

 

 

 
 
       

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